Tag Archives: Palacio de Santa Cruz

5 Amazing Edifices of Epoch Habsburg’s Madrid de los Austrias

Old Madrid of the 1600’s experienced a major political upheaval when the city was occupied by Europe´s Imperial court of Habsburg. The Spanish Kings who reigned during this glorious epoch, likewise known as the House of Austria, were Kings Felipe II and Felipe III, with the latter tirelessly working to develop the urban aspect of the new center of Habsburg.

Fortunately, the legacy of this empire is very much visible today to one and all and everyone; the remnants of such glorious era are found in the midst of the capital. Which part of the city did the Casa de Austria occupy? This so-called ancient center of Madrid is situated along a significant portion of Calle Mayor, running towards the southern part.

And indeed, as I visited this particular stretch of the street, everything that represents the Madrid de los Austrias, is very much intact, what with the beautiful edifices built during those times well-preserved and in use. You hop from one splendid building to another, and you realized how grand the contribution of the Habsburg Empire is to the development of Madrid.

One only has to tread Calle Mayor, the end of which reaches Catedral de Almudena, and he will have a good glimpse of these Hadsburg edifices. Especially if you find yourself within Puerta del Sol and Plaza Opera, you are sure to have yourself immersed within the glorious Habsburg Era.

Here are 5 of Madrid de los Austrias must-see beautiful edifices:

1. Casa de la Villa

2018_012121_5902_531A must-see edifice of the Madrid Austria District is the Casa de la Villa. Day in and day out, locals and tourists alike troop to one of Madrid’s oldest squares, Plaza de la Villa, to wander around this historical area and appreciate the former town hall of the city. Constructed under the helm of Spanish builder Juan Gomez de Mora, Casa de la Villa did serve as the headquarters of Madrid’s city administration – but did you know that it once served as a prison to the incarcerated?

Direccion: Plaza de la Villa 5, Madrid 28005

Nearest Metro Stations: Vodafone Sol (Lines 1 to 3); Opera (Line 2, Line 5)

Nearest attractions: Mercado San Miguel

2. Casa de la Panaderia

2018_012121_5844_425What houses Madrid City Administration’s tourism office is the Casa de la Panaderia, standing in the middle of Plaza Mayor´s northern part. With porticoes in front and its two sides capped by towers, it advises tourists on which Madrid sights and attractions to visit. Damaged by the 1672 fire, this historical edifice underwent major repair and renovation. Take notice of how a marked portion of its facade is painted by semi-nude, somewhat mythical figures — they are said that to have been painted in order to compliment the rich history of of the city.

Nearest attractions: Casa de la Carniceria (also inside Plaza Mayor), bocadillo restaurants, Chocolateria San Gines

3. Real Casa de Correos

2018_012121_5938_277One of the most popular representatives of the Madrid de los Austrias is the Real Casa de Correos, an imposing building with an open tower, within which hangs a bell. Come midnight of December 31, revelers gather to witness the pealing of the bell 12 times, signaling the start of the New Year.

Direccion: Puerta del Sol

Metro Station: Sol (nearest station), Opera, Sevilla (all three belong to Metro Line 2), Callao (at Plaza de Callao, Metro line 3)

Nearby attractions: Plaza Callao

4. Casa y Torre de los Lujanes

2018_012121_5831_370These edifices have the distinction of being two of the oldest buildings in Madrid. Both are integral parts of the ancient Spanish square found along Casa Mayor called the Plaza de la Villa. The Torre de Lujanes is known to be the former prison of King Francis I, who was captured upon his defeat during the Battle of Pavia of 1525. And indeed, while the place is currently dominated by modern buildings and establishments, the square itself somewhat brings you back to centuries ago when it exudes power and authority.

Location: Within Plaza de la Villa of Austria District, Madrid

Nearest Metro Station: Sol, Opera

Nearby sights and attractions: Plaza de Santa Isabel II, Palacio Real

5. Palacio de Santa Cruz

imageThe old but beautiful edifice of the Austrian dynasty is the Palace of Santa Cruz. Formerly known as the ¨La Carcel de Madrid,¨ it did act as a former prison of the city, with convicted prisoners sent to the Plaza Mayor to be executed. Later on, it was turned into a palace to become a residence of Rey Felipe IV. Palacio de Santa Cruz is currently the home to Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain.

Plaza Provincia Madrid 28012

Nearby attractions: Parroquia de Santa Cruz, Museo de Jamon

How to go

Metro Stations: Sol (Lines 1,2,3); Tirso de Molina (Line 1); Lavapies (Line 3); Opera (Lines 2,5); Sevilla (Line 2). All stations are a 5 to 15 minute walk to Calle Atocha.

Madrid Palaces: Palacio de Santa Cruz

imageThere must be tons of buildings in Madrid — and the whole of Spain even – that are called Palacios. One of the most famous of these magnificent structures is the Real Palacio de Madrid, the official residence of the King of Spain. There is yet another one also situated within the center of the city, at the Madrid de los Austrias; it was really built to serve as a palace but now it houses a government office.

Known as the Palacio de Santa Cruz, it stands along Calle de Atocha, near popular attractions like Iglesia Santa Cruz and Plaza Mayor. Construction was from 1629 to 1643 under the supervision of Italian baroque painter and architect Juan Bautista Crescendi. The latter partly worked on the Pantheon of El Escorial.

The palace is of a few levels high, enough to overlook with pride the plaza of the same name that’s within striking distance. Its facade were mainly of bricks that are painted copper red, while found on its two sides are pointed towers, features that are commonly found many stately Spanish edifices.

Needless to say, the Sta Cruz Palace is one of the major building achievements of the Habsburg dynasty. The latter, also known as the House of Austria, was considered the most influential and outstanding European royal house of its times. It was able to produces great kings and leaders for countries from all over Europe, including Spain.

Former prison

Did you know that the Santa Cruz Palace was once a prison? The “La Carcel de Madrid” acted as one until such time when it was converted as a palace during the reign of King Philip IV.  Finally, it became the headquarters of the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation.

It is interesting to note how the palace incurred an infamous past since it was once the seat of the dreaded Spanish Inquisition. It was here where the verdicts of the dreaded justice institution of Spain were drawn and meted to supposed criminals. Those who were sent to their deaths were executed at the nearby Plaza Mayor.

A beautiful edifice

The Palacio de Sta Cruz is considered as one of the most beautiful palaces ever built in Madrid. It is very near the Plaza Mayor. In fact, one of the entrances to the famous square is just a short distance away from the palace. Two other rather small squares are also nearby — the Plaza de Sta Cruz and Plaza de la Provincia. Within the latter’s ground you can find the Fountain of Orfeo.

imageEntrances to the Plaza Mayor nearest the Palace de Sta Cruz, located in Calle de Gerona

imageThe famous Fountain Orfeo, also known as the Fountain de Santa Cruz and Fountain of the Carcel del Corte

imageEntrance of the Palacio de Sta Cruz. The palace is a perfect example of a Habsburg designed building during Madrid’s early days

imageA carousel has been put up just recently in Plaza de Sta Cruz in front of the Ministry building – a sign that Christmas nears

imageNew ambassadors of countries travel from the Santa Cruz Palace (specifically in front of the Palace’s main door) to the Palacio Real to receive their Letters of Credence from the Spanish government. In the photo above (courtesy of the Philippine Embassy in Madrid Facebook page), the Philippine Ambassador to the Kingdom of Spain, His Excellency Philippe Jones Lhuillier is brought by a royal carriage en route to the Royal Palace to present his credentials to His Majesty King Felipe VI

Direccion

Plaza Provincia Madrid 28012

How to go

Metro Stations: Sol (Lines 1,2,3); Tirso de Molina (Line 1); Lavapies (Line 3); Opera (Lines 2,5); Sevilla (Line 2). All stations are a 5 to 15 minute walk to Calle Atocha.

Autobuses: 3, 17, 18, 51, 50, 23, 26, 31, 32, M1

Map